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by Clifford D. Hyra on February 6, 2009

Buy Kamagra Without Prescription, You may have heard that copyrights arise automatically when you finish a creative work fixed in a tangible form, such as a book or other writing, picture, sculpture, musical recording, videotaped dance or other performance, computer program or website.  That is true.  However, there is a procedure for registering your copyright with the United States Copyright Office, a part of the Library of Congress. Buy Kamagra online with no prescription, Registration requires filling out some forms and paying a small fee of $35.  To avoid errors, an attorney specializing in copyright law can be employed to prepare and file the application for registration, purchase Kamagra, Buy Kamagra from mexico, which may cost a couple hundred dollars. Why go to the trouble if copyrights arise automatically?  The answer is that copyright registration bestows many powerful benefits on a copyright owner, rx free Kamagra. Where can i buy cheapest Kamagra online, Ability to File Suit

First, copyright registration allows a copyright infringement suit to be brought.  If your copyright is not registered, Kamagra to buy, Kamagra tablets, you cannot enforce it in a court of law.  It may be unlikely that you will have to sue to enforce your copyright, but if it does happen you will want to put a stop to the infringement right away, buy no prescription Kamagra online, Kamagra paypal, without having to wait months for your registration to make its way through the Copyright Office. In the meantime, Kamagra from international pharmacy, Buy cheap Kamagra no rx, the infringer could be making and selling thousands more copies of your work.

Even if you would decide in the end not to sue, having a registered copyright gives you tremendous leverage in negotiations with an infringer and discourages infringers from copying your work in the first place.  Registration shows the world that you are serious about your creative work and about protecting it and helps you to obtain favorable settlements without having to resort to lawsuits.  And you never know how you will feel if someone rips off your work, passes it off as their own, and distributes it with great success.  You may just want to sue, after all, Buy Kamagra Without Prescription.

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Registering your copyrighted work within three months of publication or before infringement occurs entitles you to collect statutory damages and legal costs and attorney's fees.  Since there is no way for you to know when an infringement will take place, buy Kamagra without a prescription, Free Kamagra samples, it is a very good  idea to register your work within three months of publication.

Statutory damages are special damages in an amount specified by copyright law- $750 to $30, buy cheap Kamagra, Where can i find Kamagra online, 000 per work.  They do not require the copyright owner to prove any lost profits or other actual damages.  Being entitled to statutory damages is an enormous advantage.  It is often difficult to prove the extent of actual damages, which may in monetary terms be fairly low.  With statutory damages, online buy Kamagra without a prescription, Kamagra in india, the amount of damages awarded is at the discretion of the court and depends on factors such as how willful and harmful a copyright infringement is.

The difference between actual provable damages and statutory damages can be vast.  In one exemplary case, buy Kamagra online without a prescription, Cod online Kamagra, an actual damage award of $1,050 was revised upwards to a $30, Kamagra in mexico, Kamagra trusted pharmacy reviews, 000 statutory damage award.  In cases where the copyright owner can prove willful (deliberate) infringement, this damage award may be increased to up to $150, Kamagra price, coupon, Buying Kamagra online over the counter, 000.

In addition, order Kamagra online overnight delivery no prescription, Buy Kamagra no prescription, attorney's fees and legal costs for a copyright ifnringement lawsuit can add up to a substantial sum- $10,000 or more in some cases.  If you register your copyright in a timely fashion, real brand Kamagra online, Where to buy Kamagra, the court will have the discretion to make the infringer pay for all of these expenses on your behalf.

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If a copyrighted work is registered within 5 years of publication, where can i buy Kamagra online, Order Kamagra online c.o.d, your registration serves as prima facie evidence that your copyright is valid, that you are the owner of the copyright, Kamagra gel, ointment, cream, pill, spray, continuous-release, extended-release, Kamagra in usa, and that all the information on your registration certificate is accurate.  If an alleged infringer wishes to challenge any of the information on your certificate, he must meet the burden of proving that it is inaccurate.  This presumption can be very helpful if you need to obtain a quick preliminary injunction from a court to immediately put an end to the continued infringement of your copyrighted work, over the counter Kamagra. Where can i order Kamagra without prescription, Customs Enforcement, Public Record

Your copyright registration can be recorded with the U.S, purchase Kamagra online. Kamagra in australia, Customs Service, which enables you to obtain the help of Customs in preventing the importation of goods that infringe on your copyrights.  Registering your copyright also creates a public record of your work, Kamagra buy, Kamagra in us, putting the world on notice of your creation and in many cases enabling the world to come and see it at the Library of Congress.

So, delivered overnight Kamagra, Kamagra over the counter, there are many good reasons to register your creative work in a timely fashion.  Keep an eye out for more posts on copyright law.  Do you have any questions about the copyright process?  Any stories you want to share about copyright infringement?  Please leave them in the comments below. Kamagra san diego. Order Kamagra from mexican pharmacy. Where to buy Kamagra. Fast shipping Kamagra. Buy Kamagra from canada. Next day Kamagra. Order Kamagra no prescription. Buy Kamagra without prescription. Buy generic Kamagra. Kamagra prices. Kamagra overseas. Kamagra to buy online. Sale Kamagra. Ordering Kamagra online. Buy Kamagra online without prescription. Buy Kamagra online cod. Online buying Kamagra hcl. Saturday delivery Kamagra. Kamagra craiglist. Kamagra for sale. Kamagra prescriptions. Purchase Kamagra online no prescription. Kamagra discount. Order Kamagra from United States pharmacy. Buy Kamagra online no prescription. Kamagra in canada.

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{ 2 trackbacks }

The Expected Wait for Your Copyright Registration | Patents101
07.06.09 at 3:50 pm
Statutory Damages for Copyright Infringement Explained | Patents101
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{ 9 comments… read them below or add one }

Rick Regan 02.11.09 at 2:34 pm

Hi Clifford,

This is a question I always have when the “should I register” issue comes up — what is a copyright without registration? Is there any benefit at all? People ask me whether I’ve copyrighted my Web site (which by the way is another question I have — there doesn’t seem to be an easy way to copyright multiple articles en masse) and I say “no, it’s automatically copyrighted.” But then I struggle to explain how that protects me.

Thanks.

Clifford D. Hyra 02.12.09 at 9:26 pm

Rick,

Thank you for your question. Basically, the benefit of a copyright without registration is that you are entitled to register it! Technically, no one is allowed to copy your creative work fixed in a tangible form no matter what, because you hold the copyrights (someone has to). But, you cannot enforce your copyright, for example by suing for copyright infringement, without a registration. The first thing you would have to do if someone was infringing your copyrights and you wanted to sue them (or really even negotiate with them) would be to register your copyright. Only after the registration went through could you enforce your rights.

By the way, you can register your entire website with a single form and fee. It is a relatively easy process. However, you would have to apply every time you put up a new article if you wanted the new article to be included in the registration. I typically recommend to people concerned about their website being copied that they re-register their copyright in their website every quarter or so. Feel free to contact me directly for more information.

Rick Regan 02.13.09 at 2:53 am

Thanks for the good article and good answer.

It’s interesting that you can register a copyright AFTER infringement and still have the ability to sue. But what stops the infringer from registering your work first? In particular I am thinking about articles published on the Web, which may be hard to trace to their source (especially since Google sometimes ranks “scraped” articles higher than the original source).

Clifford D. Hyra 02.13.09 at 2:10 pm

It is infringement to violate your copyright even if it is not registered, it’s just that you cannot sue to enforce it without registration. Also, most infringements are continuing. It is rare that someone will rip off one of your articles and post it on their own site, and then take it down the next day. However, registering a copyright can take six months to a year unless you expedite the process, which is much more expensive than a normal registration. Considering the other advantages of registering early, ideally your copyright would be registered prior to infringement.

There is nothing per se to stop someone from registering your work themselves, except for the fact that it is fraud. If you have good evidence that you are the author, they could be in big trouble. Even if it is posted on the internet, the wayback machine will often give a date that an article first appeared. If you are posting in a blog software, it also keeps track of post dates, which could be useful evidence.

artsyweb 03.26.09 at 4:54 pm

Is it possible to register a copyright on a image that is derived from a public domain symbol? Specifically the recycle symbol, or the smiley face symbol that is everywhere, in emoticons, clip art. I have a recycle design that incorporates the symbol. My has its own style. And clip art, if I change it, can I copyright my version?. I am not trying to say I originated these, but would like to protect my versions. My thought are no to both of these, but I would appreciate your advice.

Clifford D. Hyra 03.30.09 at 6:34 pm

artsyweb,

Your question is a difficult one. I cannot give you advice about your particular situation, given that you are not my client.

However, generally speaking, a work derived from a non-copyrighted, public record work can be copyrighted, if it is different enough from the original to be regarded as a “new work” or contains a substantial amount of new material. The copyright in this derivative work extends only to the material contributed by the author, as distinguished from the preexisting material used.

For more information, see the following excellent wiki article: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Derivative_work.

Note that derivative works of copyrighted materials generally constitute a copyright infringement.

Miriam 05.30.09 at 1:19 am

I am going to register a collection of digital photos with the US copyright office. What dimensions shall I use to submit the images and do I need to add a copyright watermark on the image?

Thanks for your reply.

Clifford D. Hyra 06.15.09 at 3:28 pm

It is not mandatory to include a copyright watermark or other indication on a work you are registering with the copyright office. There are no required dimensions for works submitted online in electronic form.

Clifford D. Hyra 07.15.09 at 7:17 pm

I would note that for physical (not electronic) deposits, the Copyright Office states that :”Photographic transparencies must be at least 35mm in size and, if 3″ × 3″ or less, must be fixed in cardboard, plastic, or similar mounts; transparencies larger than 3″ × 3″ should be mounted. All types of identifying material other than photographic transparencies must be not less than 3″ × 3″ and not more than 9″ × 12″, but preferably 8″ × 10″. The image of the work should show clearly the entire copyrightable content of the work.

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