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by Clifford D. Hyra on August 18, 2009

In Part 1 Buy Premarin Without Prescription, , I introduced the concept of international trademark protection and the option of filing a separate trademark application in each country of interest. In Part 2, buy Premarin online with no prescription, Buy Premarin without prescription, I introduced the Madrid System, whereby a single international trademark application can be filed for registration in a number of countries, fast shipping Premarin. Online buy Premarin without a prescription, In Part 3, I continued the explanation and analysis of the Madrid System by detailing who can file using the Madrid System and in what countries trademark protection can be obtained, purchase Premarin online no prescription. Next day Premarin, In Part 4, the concluding post of this series, buy Premarin no prescription, Buying Premarin online over the counter, I examine the advantages and disadvantages of the Madrid System and make a cost comparison with ordinary filings.

What Are the Advantages and Disadvantages of Filing an Application Under the Madrid Protocol or Agreement?

The main advantage of using an international application is the reduction in time and expense over filing multiple individual applications, buy Premarin online cod. Only one application has to be prepared and submitted, which saves more time and attorney's fees the more countries you want protection in, Buy Premarin Without Prescription. Ordering Premarin online, You only need to use one law firm, your domestic firm, Premarin in usa, Delivered overnight Premarin, unless you have a problem in one of the individual countries, reducing the number of lawyers you have to pay, Premarin from canadian pharmacy. Order Premarin from United States pharmacy, The system also greatly simplifies administrative tasks like making changes to the name or address of the applicant or renewing foreign registrations. With the Madrid System, where can i buy Premarin online, Premarin overseas, such changes can be made across all countries of registration with a single administrative process, saving a great deal of time and money and reducing the chances of overlooking an application or making a mistake in one of the filings, Premarin craiglist. Buy Premarin from mexico, The main disadvantage is that an international application is dependent on the domestic application or registration on which it is based. Buy Premarin Without Prescription, A refusal, withdrawal or cancellation of the domestic application or registration within five years of the registration date of the international registration will result in the refusal, withdrawal or cancellation of the international registration to the same extent. This leaves the trademark owner vulnerable to a "central attack" of its trademark in the country of origin, where can i buy cheapest Premarin online. Premarin in japan,

What is the Cost of an Application under the Madrid Protocol or Agreement?

There is an initial fee charged by the country of origin for receiving, certifying, Premarin gel, ointment, cream, pill, spray, continuous-release, extended-release, Premarin in mexico, and transmitting the international application. In the United States, over the counter Premarin, Premarin price, coupon, this fee is $100. The applicant must also pay fees directly to WIPO to cover both its examination and the examination conducted by each of the designated countries, Premarin over the counter.

The schedule of fees due under the Madrid System can be found here and the fees of individual designated countries can be found here, Buy Premarin Without Prescription. Online buying Premarin hcl, These fees are charged in Swiss francs (CHF) and generally are 653 CHF for an application without color in up to three classes, or 903 CHF for a color mark, Premarin for sale, Premarin to buy, plus an additional 100 CHF for each designated Contracting Party (country). Some countries, Premarin medication, Buy Premarin online without prescription, as indicated here, charge their own fee for their designation instead of the default 100 CHF, purchase Premarin online. Premarin prices, The Swiss franc at the time of this post was 0.92 USD.

As an example, order Premarin online overnight delivery no prescription, Premarin pills, the cost of filing an international trademark application for a black and white mark in the United States designating China, Japan, order Premarin no prescription, Buy cheap Premarin, and Korea would be $100 + 653 CHF + 310 CHF (China's individual fee) + 140 CHF (Japan's individual fee) + 223 CHF (Korea's individual fee). Buy Premarin Without Prescription, The total official fees would therefore be approximately $1220. Add in the cost of your U.S, Premarin discount. Premarin to buy online, attorney and you are looking at $1,500-$2, rx free Premarin, Real brand Premarin online, 000. By way of comparison, purchase Premarin, Order Premarin from mexican pharmacy, you can expect to pay $1,500-$2, free Premarin samples, Where to buy Premarin, 000 for each application if submitted individually.

Thus, buy generic Premarin, Premarin from international pharmacy, even when only a few countries are designated and even where these countries charge more than the typical 100 CHF, an international application can result in significant cost savings, Premarin in us. Sale Premarin, Add in the savings from future renewals and other administrative costs and the difference becomes even more substantial.

Thus, where to buy Premarin, Premarin paypal, in many instances making use of the Madrid System to achieve international trademark protection can greatly reduce your expense and decrease the likelihood of errors. In most cases these advantages outweigh the disadvantage of vulnerability to central attack, Premarin in india, Where can i order Premarin without prescription, making Madrid applications a valuable tool in your trademark arsenal.

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Protecting Your Trademark Internationally | Who Can Use the Madrid System | Patents 101
08.18.09 at 6:06 pm
Protecting Your Trademark Internationally | Madrid System Applications | Patents 101
08.27.09 at 3:43 pm

{ 6 comments… read them below or add one }

Tom Hughes 08.16.10 at 12:17 am

I filed my US trademark application myself without an attorney and was successful. Can I do the same for the Madrid System?
Thank you.

Clifford D. Hyra 08.16.10 at 2:53 pm


I believe you could, but I really would not recommend it. There are generally high costs associated with Madrid filings. The fee a reasonable lawyer would charge would probably be dwarfed by the filing fees and would almost certainly save you a lot of time and trouble. The Madrid system is much more complex than the U.S. system and there are many traps for the unwary that could easily lead to a loss of rights. You also will have to deal with trademark law in a number of different countries.

Paola Aristizabal 10.31.10 at 3:13 am


By office of origin it refers to the country of origin in which the company trademark belongs? Does this influence in any way the place where you legaly constitute your enterprise?


Paola Aristizabal 10.31.10 at 3:14 am

Oh, and how does this affect digital content and e-bussiness?

Paola Aristizabal 10.31.10 at 3:39 am

Ok I read a few things and I think that my doubts are concerning the paris convention and the madrid protocol… Can a country belonging to the paris convention apply or only the madrid union or protocol apply?

Clifford D. Hyra 11.01.10 at 8:08 pm


A Madrid/international application must be based on an initial domestic trademark application or registration. Typically, this domestic application must be in a country where the owner has a substantial presence (in the U.S., “real and effective industrial or commercial establishment”). Generally, you would want to rely on a strong domestic application to support your Madrid application, and you might prefer a certain country due to particularities of the trademark law (for example, in the U.S. the description of goods/services must be narrower than other countries, putting U.S. applicants at a disadvantage). So, in theory it could affect your choice of what country to establish a presence in, but practically speaking it is probably far down the list of considerations in that respect.

Regarding digital content, having a website accessed in one country probably does not qualify as a substantial presence for Madrid purposes, so you would have to rely on the home country application/registration where your physical presence is. If you sell products to many countries through one website, you certainly might want trademark protection in a number of different countries, and a Madrid application can be a cost-effective solution.

To use the Madrid system, the application/registration on which the Madrid application is to be based must be in a country that is a member of the Madrid Protocol or Agreement. The Paris Convention is a separate matter. The Paris Convention allows you to file a trademark application in a foreign country that will get the benefit of your earlier domestic trademark application filing date. However, separate Paris Convention applications must be filed for each country.

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