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by Clifford D. Hyra on February 27, 2009

Buy Relafen Without Prescription, If you are an inventor, you probably have a lot of passion for your ideas.  It is only natural to want to share your discoveries with others, particularly if you are in an academic field where journal publications are the norm.  Publishing your research can garner you esteem among your colleagues, help you to get research grants, and gain you the input of other experts in your field.  But, publishing too soon can also jeopardize your patent rights.

If you are a businessman, order Relafen online overnight delivery no prescription, Relafen to buy, no doubt you want to commercialize your invention and bring your product to market as fast as possible.  You may want to begin marketing and soliciting orders even before you are able to complete production.  But again, this strategy can lead to trouble later on if you decide to apply for patent protection, buy Relafen online with no prescription. Online buy Relafen without a prescription, I always recommend that my clients file something with the patent office before publishing anything about their invention and before taking orders for or selling  their invention.

In the United States

In the United States, Relafen in canada, Relafen price, coupon, publication of your invention anywhere in the world acts as an absolute bar to patentability one year from the date of publication.  In other words, under United States law there is a one year grace period after publication, sale Relafen, Buy Relafen without a prescription, during which a patent application can still be filed.  After that grace period expires, if no patent application has already been filed, Relafen prices, Buy Relafen from canada, no valid Untied States patent can be obtained.

Public use of your invention or offering your invention for sale in the United States (not anywhere in the world) also acts as an absolute bar to patentability after one year.  Therefore, Relafen over the counter, Relafen from canadian pharmacy, the same one-year grace period applies to all of these activities in the United States.

The Patent Office (PTO) may not necessarily know about public use or sale of your invention, or about an obscure publication of your invention somewhere in the world, Buy Relafen Without Prescription. Therefore, Relafen gel, ointment, cream, pill, spray, continuous-release, extended-release, Delivered overnight Relafen, you might be able to obtain a patent by failing to disclose these matters to the PTO.  Nevertheless, the resulting patent would be invalid.  Although the USPTO may not discover the publication or sale, fast shipping Relafen, Relafen pills, it is very likely to be discovered if your patent is ever litigated.

In litigation, online buying Relafen hcl, Ordering Relafen online, your opponent has access to powerful discovery tools, including the right to compel testimony under oath and to compel the production of relevant documents.  When the publication or sale is discovered, Relafen for sale, Buy no prescription Relafen online, it is game over.  Your patent will be held invalid and you will not be able to stop others from infringing it.  Failing to disclose these material events is also unethical conduct.

Foreign Countries

The laws of other countries vary and I am not an expert in international patent laws.  However, buy generic Relafen, Relafen from international pharmacy, foreign countries generally do not have any grace period.  Rather, most foreign countries have a rule of absolute novelty.  Any public disclosure, cod online Relafen, Buy Relafen online no prescription, anywhere in the world, eliminates your right to apply for a patent in those countries, Relafen in uk. Buying Relafen online over the counter, You can publish your invention, file a United States patent application a year later, Relafen paypal, Relafen overseas, and receive a valid United States patent.  But you cannot generally receive a valid foreign patent.  Even one day after you publish is too late.  Your foreign patent rights are gone.

Recommendations Buy Relafen Without Prescription, I always recommend that my clients file something with the Patent Office before releasing information to the public or demonstrating or offering their invention for sale.  Hold off on publication until after you at least file a provisional application.

Applications can be filed in foreign countries on the basis of a United States provisional application, saturday delivery Relafen, Buy Relafen no prescription, typically within one year of the filing date of the U.S. application.  A foreign application claiming the priority of a United States application will date back to the original filing date of the U.S, Relafen discount. Order Relafen from mexican pharmacy, application, which means that the foreign application will still be valid if you have published something in the interim, buy Relafen from mexico. Buy Relafen online without a prescription, Not publishing is the foolproof solution.  But, if you must publish or offer for sale before filing an application, order Relafen no prescription, Relafen san diego, there are steps that can be taken that may avoid loss of patent rights.  If you give a speech or presentation, do not hand out printed materials such as notes, order Relafen online c.o.d, Where can i buy cheapest Relafen online, or if you do, collect them again after the presentation.  A private presentation is not considered available to the public and generally will not be considered a publication, order Relafen from United States pharmacy. Relafen craiglist, If you publish a paper, limit your description of the actual invention.  If the invention is not described in the publication, where can i buy Relafen online, Relafen in australia, it will not bar your patent rights to the invention.  If there is an offer for sale, your patent rights may be preserved if you are continuing to develop the invention and the offer for sale is of a solution to a problem, Relafen medication, Buy cheap Relafen no rx, and not a particular completed product.  If you want to use your product, do it in private.  Secrecy alone will not necessarily prevent a public use from acting as a bar to issuance of a patent, Relafen in us. Where to buy Relafen, At the very least, your business should be aware of these issues and have policies in place to address them.  Inventors should fill out invention disclosures in a timely manner, buy Relafen online without prescription, Relafen tablets, and these invention disclosure should be reviewed and turned into patent applications relatively quickly, with an eye on potential publication dates and the like, purchase Relafen online. Relafen in india, I will expand on some of these issues in later posts.  Any questions?  Please leave them in the comments. Buy Relafen online without prescription. Buy Relafen from mexico. Buying Relafen online over the counter. Relafen in canada. Purchase Relafen. Relafen for sale. Delivered overnight Relafen. Relafen in australia. Order Relafen online overnight delivery no prescription. Relafen discount. Relafen prescriptions. Relafen paypal. Order Relafen from mexican pharmacy. Over the counter Relafen. Buy generic Relafen.

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by Clifford D. Hyra on January 26, 2009

Buy Nexium Without Prescription, Perhaps you have seen their late-night TV advertisements.  Invention submission companies promise to help inventors not just to obtain patents, but also to license and market their inventions.  Such an arrangement may sound very desirable to an individual inventor who lacks the know-how to successfully market an invention and does not know of a reputable patent attorney.  Why not hand your invention over to an expert, who can take care of the rest?  TV advertising and a professional website may lend the company an air of legitimacy.  Unfortunately, such companies are rarely if ever legitimate. Where can i order Nexium without prescription, The American Inventor's Protection Act of 1999 requires such companies to disclose success rates to consumers.  Usually, this is done in the least conspicuous way possible.  Between 2001 and 2003, Nexium paypal, Nexium buy, Invention Submission Corp., one of the alrgest such companies, buy Nexium online without a prescription, Buy Nexium online without prescription,   signed deals with 6,480 clients.  Only 14 made more money than they paid.  FTC attorney Peter Lambert has stated that he is unaware of any such company achieving greater than a 1% success rate, buy Nexium online cod. Order Nexium no prescription, The companies spend millions on advertising to grab a piece of the $300 million market, then string along customers with optimistic evaluations and glossy business plans, Nexium discount, Nexium to buy, constantly billing them more and more.  Often the companies promise to get a patent for their customer, but then apply only for a design patent, Nexium paypal, Nexium price, coupon, which provides very limited protection for an item's appearance alone.  Victims often pay thousands and receive little or nothing in return.

Tips to avoid scams

-Few if any companies both obtain patents and market and license inventions.  These are distinct businesses which each require in-depth expertise.  If a company promises to do both, buy Nexium online without prescription, Nexium medication, it is a warning sign.

-Ask for the company's success rate and for some references, where can i buy cheapest Nexium online.

-Look to see if your company is listed in the USPTO complaint database, Buy Nexium Without Prescription. Nexium prices, Check google for scam complaints.

- Watch out for slick advertisements, Nexium in uk, Nexium from canadian pharmacy, glowing enthusiasm, high pressure sales, Nexium buy, Nexium pills, mis-matched addresses, companies that are difficult to get in contact with, Nexium trusted pharmacy reviews, Nexium in us, and other red flags.

-Be wary of recommendations for a design patent, Nexium in mexico, Order Nexium from United States pharmacy, which are rarely suitable. Contact a patent attorney for a free consultation if you have any doubt about their patent advice, rx free Nexium. Where can i order Nexium without prescription, Links/Resources

USPTO Inventor Warning

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Got an invention?  You too can be scammed.

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by Clifford D. Hyra on January 19, 2009

Buy Atopex Without Prescription, Since 1995, the United States Patent and Trademark Office has allowed applicants to file provisional patent applications.  These applications differ in several important ways from full, nonprovisional utility applications.  Unlike nonprovisional applications, they automatically become abandoned 12 months after filing and are never examined or published.  Claims and documents are not required for a provisional application.  The government filing fee is only $110 ($220 for a large entity with over 500 employees). Ordering Atopex online, So what use is a patent application that is never examined and goes abandoned in 12 months?  Well, a full nonprovisional utility application can be filed claiming priority to your provisional application before it goes abandoned.  If this is done, Atopex craiglist, Online buy Atopex without a prescription, any claims in your nonprovisional application that have support in your provisional application are entitled to the earlier filing date of your provisional application.  An early filing date is very important because only inventions made before yours can be cited against the patentability of your invention in the Patent Office.  If you plan to file foreign applications, these can also be filed claiming priority to your U.S, online buying Atopex hcl. Atopex in usa, provisional application before it expires.

A provisional application can therefore be used as an inexpensive means for preserving an early filing date for later U.S, Atopex in uk. Order Atopex online c.o.d, or foreign full applications.  Of course a full utility application can also be used to save a filing date for the U.S. and for foreign applications.  So why file a provisional application first?  There are several reasons, Buy Atopex Without Prescription.

Extended Patent Term

First of all, buy cheap Atopex, Atopex in japan, the term of a patent lasts 20 years from the filing date of the utility application (although additional time can be added to the term in the case of patent office delay).  Filing a provisional patent essentially extends the term of the patent up to a year beyond when it would otherwise end, since the 20 years is calculated from the filing date of the full application and not the provisional application.  Of course the patent will not issue as quickly either, fast shipping Atopex, Over the counter Atopex, since examination does not begin until the full application is filed.  However, a patent is often more valuable on the back end of its term than on the front end, rx free Atopex. Buy Atopex from canada, Extra Time for Decision-making

The other main reason to file a provisional application rather than a non-provisional is simply that you need more time before filing the non-provisional application.  For example, sometimes a business may need some time to see if they can bring on board the investors they need.  They can file for inexpensive provisional application on their technology, cod online Atopex, Atopex pills, which allows them to use the words "patent pending" and shop it around to potential investors or licensees.

If it works out and they have the funding to pursue a full application, order Atopex from mexican pharmacy, Where to buy Atopex, they can do so having preserved their early date.  If they decide not to proceed, they can simply allow the provisional application to lapse without publishing, buy Atopex from mexico. Atopex from canadian pharmacy, Another common scenerio is that a business will want to get an early date on some new technology it has developed.  However, it is unclear whether there  may be further development of the technology in the near future.  If so, purchase Atopex online, Atopex over the counter, they will want to protect that as well, and perhaps merge the new developments into the existing application, buy generic Atopex. Atopex in canada, Doing so can be messy and expensive with non-provisional applications.  With a provisional application, any new developments can simply be filed as an additional inexpensive provisional application, where to buy Atopex. Atopex gel, ointment, cream, pill, spray, continuous-release, extended-release, When it comes time to file a nonprovisional application, the non-provisional can claim priority to as many provisional applications as necessary.  Each claim will receive the date of the earliest provisional application with support for that claim.  In that way, buy Atopex without prescription, Buy Atopex online no prescription, it is possible for each development to receive the earliest possible filing date.

A provisional application can also be used if you are unsure whether to file a patent application at all.  Perhaps you are considering keeping the tehcnology a trade secret or abandoning it.  A provisional application saves an early date in case you decide some time in the next year that you would like to proceed.  If you do not, sale Atopex, Buy Atopex no prescription, simply allow your provisional application to go abandoned and it will never be published.

So, where can i buy Atopex online, Order Atopex online overnight delivery no prescription, any time you are not sure if you want to spend the time and money on a full nonprovisional patent application or whether there will be additional developments you will want to include in your nonprovisional application, filing a provisional application is a good choice, order Atopex no prescription. Atopex prescriptions. Buy no prescription Atopex online. Delivered overnight Atopex. Atopex overseas. Atopex to buy. Atopex in australia. Buy Atopex online with no prescription. Where can i buy cheapest Atopex online. Atopex discount. Buy Atopex online without a prescription. Atopex in us. Buying Atopex online over the counter. Buy Atopex online cod. Purchase Atopex online. Atopex overseas. Where can i buy cheapest Atopex online. Buy generic Atopex. Atopex in japan. Buy Atopex online without prescription. Where to buy Atopex. Fast shipping Atopex. Atopex to buy. Ordering Atopex online. Order Atopex online c.o.d. Delivered overnight Atopex. Atopex in uk. Rx free Atopex. Atopex over the counter. Buy Atopex online cod. Where can i find Atopex online. Atopex in us. Next day Atopex. Atopex in canada.

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Buy Medrol Without Prescription

by Clifford D. Hyra on January 13, 2009

In part 1 Buy Medrol Without Prescription, , I introduced the performance system faced by Examiners and in part 2 I explained how this performance system affects the prosecution process.  In part 3, I discuss the ways that the incentives faced by Examiners can be used to an applicant's advantage. Medrol prescriptions, Timing

One way that knowledge of the performance system can be used advantageously by an applicant is by timing interviews and amendments to maximize the chances of allowance.  An Examiner's performance is critiqued on a quarterly and yearly basis.  The government's fiscal year begins October 1, which means that September 30 is the last day of each annual performance review period.  Other quarters end at the end of December, buying Medrol online over the counter, Medrol in mexico, March, and June.  These times at the end of fiscal quarters, Medrol in usa, Order Medrol from mexican pharmacy, and particularly at the end of fiscal years, are the most hectic times of the year for Examiners, Medrol in us. Buy cheap Medrol no rx, If you try to schedule an interview or get an Examiner to act on a case in the last few weeks before the end of a fiscal quarter (and especially before the end of the fiscal year), an Examiner will often be unable to accomodate you.  They will simply be too busy trying to get a few more actions out to meet their goal for the quarter and/or year, ordering Medrol online. Medrol for sale, But, if you time your requests for a little before that time, buy Medrol online without prescription, Purchase Medrol online no prescription, perhaps a month or so before the end of a fiscal year, Examiners are often unusually receptive, rx free Medrol. Saturday delivery Medrol, At that time, every Examiner is eyeing their deadline and thinking about how they are going to get enough counts to keep their job or hit their next bonus, Medrol from international pharmacy.

One of the easiest ways for the Examiner to pick up another few counts is to allow a few cases.  Allowing a case takes maybe an hour for an Examiner to fill out a few forms and follow the necessary procedures.  It is much easier than writing a new first action on the merits or an Examiner's Answer, Buy Medrol Without Prescription. Over the counter Medrol, Therefore, an applicant will often meet with success in close cases when scheduling an interview for about a month before the end of the fiscal year (or the end of a fiscal quarter, Medrol paypal, Online buying Medrol hcl, if that is not possible) and trying to reach an agreement with the Examiner on an amendment that would result in allowance, with or without an RCE, Medrol price, coupon. Next day Medrol, Appeals

Another strategy for dealing with Examiners in light of their incentives is to appeal rather liberally.  Appeals, although becoming more common, where to buy Medrol, Medrol for sale, are still extremely rare.  A lawyer I know at a big firm commented that his firm almost never appeals for fear that an application would be rejected by the Board, preferring to file RCEs and continuation applications as necessary.  This leads to some boldness in the Examining corps, purchase Medrol online, Buy Medrol without prescription, in my opinion.

Filing an appeal has several positive effects.  First, Medrol in uk, Buy generic Medrol, it tells the Examiner that you are not going to file RCEs over and over again no matter what he or she does.  An appeal signals that the RCE gravy train is about to come to an end.  They now know that the case is not going to get disposed unless it is allowed or it is seen by the Board, where the Examiner could potentially be embarassed and reversed, online buying Medrol hcl. Real brand Medrol online, Second, Examiners do not like appeals.  They do not like holding an appeal conference with their supervisor and, online buy Medrol without a prescription, Buy Medrol online without a prescription, worse, a third party, fast shipping Medrol, Medrol trusted pharmacy reviews, who review the Examiner's work closely.  They do not like writing Examiner's Answers. Buy Medrol Without Prescription, They do not like being forced after an appeal conference to reopen prosecution and change their rejection without getting a count for it.  And they do not like being reversed by the Board.

Examiners do not expect to be appealed and are often suprised when it happens.  It puts them in another frame of mind, buy Medrol from canada, Buy Medrol online without prescription, often a frame of mind in which they take the case more seriously and really think about whether there might be something in the application they could allow.

For those reasons, ordering Medrol online, Buy cheap Medrol no rx, whenever an Examiner is uncooperative and is making what appears to be a clear error, I appeal, Medrol prescriptions. Medrol from canadian pharmacy, Interviews

Another tool that can help get an application allowed even when an Examiner appears to be stringing an application along for RCEs is the interview.  I am a big believer in interviews.  It is too easy, even when you have good intentions, where to buy Medrol, Medrol in usa, to just push papers past one another without really figuring out what the other person is saying when all communication is conducted in writing.  When dealing with a "bad" Examiner, not having to explain themselves to you or face you makes it much easier for them to do things that are really not proper, Medrol in australia. Buying Medrol online over the counter, Speaking with the Examiner gives you a chance to make a human connection and break through the bureaucracy.  Sometimes when I receive a really bad Office Action and call up the Examiner for an explanation (very politely), the Examiner will be embarrassed and apologize and offer to do something to clarify the rejection for the record, free Medrol samples. Most Examiners are not bad people, they are just humans working within the constraints of the Patent Office.  It is all too easy to fall into the trap of taking shortcuts to maximize the number of counts you get for a day's work when you never have to see the people hurt by your actions and when you get rewarded with large bonuses for doing this, Buy Medrol Without Prescription. Medrol buy, Meeting with Examiners is therefore a good way to break through this cycle.  When I was prosecuting patent applications full time, I was on the phone with an Examiner almost every single day.  Often I would speak with several Examiners in one day.  In particularly difficult cases, rx free Medrol, Medrol craiglist, I will go to the Patent Office and speak to the Examiner in person.  I have found that things get done in interviews.  Interviews are the best way to agree on an amendment (if necessary)  and achieve allowance.  If I can get the Examiner to suggest an amendment, that often seals the deal, order Medrol from mexican pharmacy. Medrol in us, Examiners often find it harder to reject their own wording than to reject yours.

It is very difficult for an Examiner to refuse to cooperate to your face, where can i find Medrol online, Buy Medrol from mexico, so usually you can get an Examiner to work with you in an interview to find something patentable.  And that is the way it should be.  Patent examination is not supposed to be adversarial.  Patent Examiners are not supposed to search for reasons to reject your application.  Rather, they are supposed to work with you to figure out what is patentable and to allow it.  Fortunately, order Medrol no prescription, Medrol tablets, I still find a lot of Examiners who know this too.  But for those that may be forgetting... the strategies above have been very helpful to me, Medrol discount, Medrol in canada, and I hope they will be helpful for others as well. Cod online Medrol. Medrol price, coupon. Medrol to buy online. Order Medrol online c.o.d. Buy cheap Medrol. Where can i order Medrol without prescription. Medrol gel, ointment, cream, pill, spray, continuous-release, extended-release. Purchase Medrol. Buy Medrol no prescription. Medrol san diego. Medrol to buy. Over the counter Medrol.

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Buy Phentermine Without Prescription

by Clifford D. Hyra on January 12, 2009

The Performance System In Practice Buy Phentermine Without Prescription, In part 2, I explore the effect of the Examiners' performance system on the patent prosecution process.  In theory, this may seem like a workable system in which the Examiners are encouraged to make the best case possible as quickly as possible so that they can get the case either allowed or abandoned and get their Balanced Disposal to meet their production quota.  In practice, the system frequently turns into an RCE-churning machine.

An RCE is a Request for Continued Examination.  After an Examiner has sent a Final Rejection, buy Phentermine without a prescription, Phentermine in mexico, the applicant has a choice to make, if the Examiner cannot be persuaded to allow the case.  Either the case must be appealed to the Board of Patent Appeals and Interferences (BPAI), Phentermine in japan, Phentermine pills, or an RCE must be filed, along with some change to the application.  An RCE, buy Phentermine online cod, Buy Phentermine online with no prescription, submitted with a rather large fee, requires the Examiner to consider the application anew and issue a new Office Action.  Essentially, where can i buy cheapest Phentermine online, Phentermine over the counter, it removes the finality of the Examiner's rejection.

The trick is that an RCE is treated in the PTO as if the application has been abandoned and then refiled.  So an RCE counts as a disposal count and the Examiner's Office Action in reply to the RCE is a new count- even though the Examiner does not need to conduct a whole new prior art search.  If the Examiner allows the case after an RCE, where to buy Phentermine, Buy no prescription Phentermine online, even better.  The Examiner gets a disposal count for the RCE and a new count and disposal count- an entire Balanced Disposal- for allowing the case.

It is much easier for an Examiner to meet the production quota by churning RCEs than by examining new applications, Phentermine from international pharmacy, Purchase Phentermine online no prescription, where lengthy prior art searches are required to get a single new count. Thus, Phentermine paypal, Sale Phentermine, the Examiner has a tremendous incentive to encourage RCEs.

Requiring RCEs After a Final Rejection

There are several things that Examiners can do to encourage RCEs, Buy Phentermine Without Prescription. The easiest and most common thing for them to do is to refuse to enter an amendment after a final rejection without an RCE.  An Examiner is only supposed to require an RCE in that situation if the amendment made by the applicant would require further searching of the prior art.  However, saturday delivery Phentermine, Delivered overnight Phentermine, that is a pretty subjective standard and it is easy enough for an Examiner to say a further search is required regardless of how minor the proposed amendment is.

Two extra counts are a big deal for an Examiner, Phentermine in india, Where can i buy Phentermine online, which makes this an easy decision for most of them. Although this sometimes adds needless expense to an application, order Phentermine online overnight delivery no prescription, Next day Phentermine, it is usually not a big deal and the applicant is generally best served by going along with it.

Poor Examination

A bigger problem is that this focus on RCEs can lead to poor examination throughout prosecution.  I have worked with many Examiners and there are a lot of good ones that try hard not to fall into this trap, buy Phentermine online no prescription, Order Phentermine from United States pharmacy, but most Examiners are affected to some extent.  The Examiners that are really affected can be a nightmare for an application, leading to great unnecessary delay and expense, Phentermine medication. Buy Phentermine Without Prescription, In the worst case, an Examiner performs a minimal initial search- just enough to find some reason to reject the application- and takes the new count.  Often this type of rejection is not very strong.  The Examiner then tries to get to a final rejection as soon as possible.  The Examiner may do this by repeating the initial rejection and making it final, even where the applicant argues against the rejection persuasively.  Or, the Examiner may improperly enter a new rejection and make it final instead of non-final, knowing that it is very difficult to successfully petition such an error due to time constraints. Phentermine overseas, Now, the applicant is forced to decide whether to appeal or file an RCE with an amendment.  Since the rejection is weak, Phentermine prices, Buy Phentermine no prescription, an applicant often will choose to make a minor amendment with an RCE in order to overcome the rejection and save the time and expense of appeal.  Usually, the Examiner will encourage this if an interview is sought, Phentermine discount, Online buying Phentermine hcl, opining that an amendment would overcome the rejection of record.

After the RCE is filed, Phentermine from international pharmacy, Phentermine trusted pharmacy reviews, the Examiner searches a little more, just enough to come up with some reason to reject the application again.  At this point, Phentermine price, coupon, Buy Phentermine without prescription, the entire process repeats, potentially endlessly.  Needless to say, buy generic Phentermine, Where can i find Phentermine online, this is not the way an examination should be conducted.  It may be 2 or 3 RCEs before the applicant realizes that the Examiner is unlikely to ever allow the case without an appeal.

Reopening Prosecution After Appeal

Another result of the Examiners' performance system is the frequent reopening of prosecution after an appeal is filed.  The majority of the time when an appeal is filed, purchase Phentermine, Over the counter Phentermine, the Examiner will reopen the case and send out a new office action rather than prepare an Examiner's Answer.  Preparing an Examiner's Answer does get the Examiner a Disposal Count, but it also takes a long time and requires the Examiner to conduct an appeal conference, where to buy Phentermine. Phentermine for sale, In an appeal conference, the Examiner's supervisor and a third person review the Examiner's work.  The Examiner may not welcome this scrutiny, purchase Phentermine online. Delivered overnight Phentermine, To avoid this hassle, an Examiner may instead reopen the case and change the rejection in the hope that another RCE will be filed.  Sometimes this may happen three or four times in a row, buy Phentermine online with no prescription, Phentermine prices, which can be very frustrating.

Now you may understand better why Examiners do some of the strange things they do.  But how can that information help applicants in prosecution, cod online Phentermine. Where can i order Phentermine without prescription, I will explore the ways applicants can take advantages of the Examiners' incentives in Part 3. Phentermine in india. Order Phentermine from United States pharmacy. Real brand Phentermine online. Phentermine in us. Order Phentermine online overnight delivery no prescription. Phentermine in australia. Ordering Phentermine online. Buy Phentermine online no prescription. Phentermine craiglist. Free Phentermine samples. Purchase Phentermine online no prescription. Phentermine medication. Buy Phentermine online without a prescription. Buying Phentermine online over the counter. Phentermine from canadian pharmacy. Saturday delivery Phentermine. Order Phentermine no prescription. Buy Phentermine online without prescription. Phentermine gel, ointment, cream, pill, spray, continuous-release, extended-release. Where to buy Phentermine. Phentermine san diego.

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by Clifford D. Hyra on January 9, 2009

Buy Avandia Without Prescription, Dealing with Examiners can sometimes be frustrating.  Each Examiner has his or her own personality and methods.  Sometimes, it is just difficult to see where the Examiner is coming from.  Why did they send out the strange one paragraph Office Action?  Why did they say they would not enter the amendment without an RCE.

Of course, Avandia overseas, Avandia paypal, different Examiners have all kinds of different motivations, from a desire to serve the public to a desire to go home for the day (if they are not already there) to a dislike for patent attorneys.  But one motivation is the same for all Examiners- the desire to meet the requirements imposed on them by the Patent Office (PTO) so that they can keep their jobs and make their bonuses, where can i buy cheapest Avandia online. Fast shipping Avandia, If you understand the incentives provided to Examiners by the PTO, you are well on your way to understanding the reasons behind many of the Examiner's actions.  And if you understand why the Examiners do what they do, Avandia pills, Avandia in mexico, you can also predict what they will do  and what you can do to get the Examiner to do what you want- allow your application.

The USPTO Performance System

Unlike the vast majority of employees, Avandia in japan, Avandia to buy online, Patent Examiners are judged primarily on a quantitative basis.  Each Examiner must examine a certain number of cases on a biweekly, quarterly, Avandia tablets, Online buy Avandia without a prescription, and yearly basis.  Failure to meet this production quota results in termination. Exceeding the requirements results in escalating bonuses.  Thus, Avandia in usa, Buy Avandia online cod, the Examiners have powerful incentives to meet and exceed these production quotas.

How exactly does the PTO determine how many cases have been examined?  The Office uses the "Balanced Disposal System." An Examiner needs a certain number of Balanced Disposals each biweek, Avandia to buy, Rx free Avandia, depending on their pay grade and art unit. Each Balanced Disposal consists of one new count and one disposal count.  New counts are awarded only for first office actions on the merits.  Disposal counts are awarded only if the application is abandoned or allowed, sale Avandia, Avandia prescriptions, or if the application is appealed and the Examiner writes an Examiner's Answer in response to the appeal brief.

Counts are not awarded for anything else.  An Examiner gets absolutely no credit towards his or her production quota for searching for relevant prior art, buy cheap Avandia, Next day Avandia, for writing a second or subsequent office action on the merits, for conducting an interview with the Applicant, buy Avandia without a prescription, Where can i buy Avandia online, for reopening a case in appeal, or for an advisory action, order Avandia online c.o.d. Buy no prescription Avandia online, Obviously, the Examiners are highly motivated to seek out the best ways to obtain the points necessary to meet their production quotas in the least possible time.  In the next post, Avandia in canada, Order Avandia from mexican pharmacy, I will explore the ways in which this incentive system affects the examination of your application. Buy Avandia from canada. Avandia buy. Buy Avandia from mexico. Buy cheap Avandia no rx. Avandia in uk. Avandia over the counter. Next day Avandia. Buy Avandia no prescription. Buy Avandia online with no prescription. Online buy Avandia without a prescription. Cod online Avandia. Order Avandia online overnight delivery no prescription. Avandia gel, ointment, cream, pill, spray, continuous-release, extended-release. Avandia prices. Buy Avandia without a prescription. Fast shipping Avandia. Where can i buy cheapest Avandia online. Buy cheap Avandia no rx. Free Avandia samples. Delivered overnight Avandia. Where can i order Avandia without prescription. Avandia overseas. Avandia over the counter. Avandia in uk. Buy Avandia online no prescription. Avandia san diego. Order Avandia online c.o.d. Real brand Avandia online. Saturday delivery Avandia. Avandia craiglist. Buy generic Avandia. Buy Avandia from canada. Avandia buy. Avandia price, coupon. Purchase Avandia online no prescription. Avandia for sale. Buy cheap Avandia. Sale Avandia. Avandia paypal. Buy Avandia online cod. Avandia trusted pharmacy reviews.

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by Clifford D. Hyra on November 20, 2008

Introduction Buy Diarex Without Prescription, Many inventors initially have difficulty understanding the claims of a patent application or issued patent.  It doesn't help that claims are required to be a single sentence (which may stretch to a page or longer) and contain specialized legal jargon. Buy Diarex online without prescription, Yet an understanding of claims is perhaps the most important factor, in my experience, delivered overnight Diarex, Buy no prescription Diarex online, in an inventor's ability to help me prosecute their application. Fortunately, Diarex in us, Order Diarex from mexican pharmacy, it is possible to become comfortable with the concept and practice of patent claims with a little give and take between an inventor and his or her attorney.  This post should give you a good grounding in the topic and any remaining questions should be easily answered by your attorney.

Description and Example

At the end of every patent application or issued patent is a section beginning with the words "I Claim:" or "We Claim:" followed by a numbered list, order Diarex no prescription. Cod online Diarex, Each number in the list is a separate claim, and each describes an invention that the inventor(s) claims to be his or her own and entitled to patent protection.  The claims define the invention that is or will be protected by your patent, next day Diarex. When determining whether someone has infringed your patent, a court will look to the claims of your patent and see if the allegedly infringing product or process falls within the scope of one of the claims.  If not, it does not infringe, regardless of what is in the other portions of the patent.  For this reason, it is the claims of your application that the Examiners at the USPTO examine for patentability, Buy Diarex Without Prescription. Diarex trusted pharmacy reviews, A claim has 3 parts, a preamble, where to buy Diarex, Diarex gel, ointment, cream, pill, spray, continuous-release, extended-release, a transitional phrase, and a body.  For purposes of illustration, order Diarex online c.o.d, Purchase Diarex online, here is an example claim:

1.         A writing implement for use on paper, comprising


a hexagonal wooden shaft with a central cylindrical hole, order Diarex online overnight delivery no prescription, Diarex tablets,


graphite filling the central cylindrical hole in the hexagonal wooden shaft, and


an erasor on one end of the hexagonal wooden shaft.


The Preamble

In this example, Diarex from canadian pharmacy, Buy cheap Diarex no rx, the preamble is "A writing implement for use on paper".  This is an introduction and the content is generally not essential.  It is best used to frame the invention in an Examiner's mind.  This preamble could have been "A writing implement" or even just "an apparatus." It generally does not affect whether an application is found to be patentable or whether a patent is found to be infringed.

The Transitional Phrase

The transitional phrase in the example claim is "comprising."  It transitions between the preamble and the body of the claim and affects everything that comes after it.  By far the most commonly used transitional phrase is "comprising, Diarex in mexico, Buy Diarex without prescription, " which means, essentially, buy Diarex online cod, Diarex overseas, "including."  In other words, the claimed invention must have the things in the body of the claim, Diarex in canada, Purchase Diarex, but it is not limited to those things- it can also have additional unlisted elements.

So in the example, where can i buy cheapest Diarex online, Order Diarex from United States pharmacy, the invention is ANY writing implement that has a shaft with graphite in its cylindrical hole and an eraser on one end.  It doesn't matter what else the writing implement has- it still falls under the claim.  Even if the writing implement is also magical and dances and casts spells, it still is encompassed by the claim, ordering Diarex online. Diarex discount, This is known as "open-ended" claim language.  The reason "comprising" is used instead of a more accessible word like "including" is that it has been interpreted consistently by courts for many years, leaving no ambiguity as to its meaning, Diarex in uk. Buy Diarex Without Prescription, In contrast, the transitional phrase "consisting of" is close-ended claim language and limits the claimed invention to exactly the elements listed in its body- no more, no less. Buy Diarex from mexico, The Body

The body is the "meat" of the claim.  It teaches all the elements that must be present to make up the invention. Each claim is examined on its own for patentability, Diarex prices, Online buy Diarex without a prescription, so each claim must contain elements that satisfy the requirements of patentability, including novelty and nonobviousness.  The goal of an inventor should be to make the claims as broad as possible while still including all the elements necessary to make it patentable, real brand Diarex online. Diarex in india, Claim Scope

Take a look at the example claim.  Are there ways in which it is unnecessarily restrictive. Does it contain more than is needed for the claimed invention to be patentable, free Diarex samples. Of course, pencils have already been invented, so this claim would not, in the present day, meet the requirements for patentability at all.  Additional (novel and nonobvious) elements would have to be added to the claim for it to be patentable- the claim would have to be made narrower in scope, Buy Diarex Without Prescription. Diarex to buy, But let's pretend it's 100 AD and pencils have not been invented.  No problem with novelty or nonobviousness.  Is the claim as broad as it could be?  Probably not.  Why does the shaft have to be hexagonal?  A cylindrical or triangular shaft would probably work too, so why exclude them?  Note that with the original example claim, Diarex pills, Diarex craiglist, a pencil with a triangular shaft would not fall under the claim and would not infringe a patent that issued with only that claim, because it would not contain a hexagonal shaft, buy Diarex online with no prescription. Buy generic Diarex, So to improve the claim, we might just remove the word "hexagonal, sale Diarex, Order Diarex from United States pharmacy, " since the patentability of the claim will not turn on the shape of the shaft.

But, buy Diarex without a prescription, Diarex medication, what if you're not the first person to invent a pencil-like writing instrument?  What if other people are inventing new types of writing implements every day and there is no way for you to even be sure what others have invented before you (a sitaution more like the modern day). Maybe some crude pencils have been invented, where can i order Diarex without prescription, Diarex paypal, and maybe even some pencils that are very similar to yours except that they have round shafts.  You're not sure whether they have, but you think your hexagonal design is superior to a cylindrical shaft design because it gives a better grip.  Should you include "hexagonal" or not?  It may be vital to patentability, Diarex price, coupon, Diarex for sale, or it may not be necessary.  You don't want to limit yourself to hexagonal shafts if you don't have to. Buy Diarex Without Prescription, The solution is to write two claims.  The first one reads just like the example claim, except the word  "hexagonal" is removed.  The second one reads as follows:

2.          The writing implement of claim 1, wherein the wooden shaft is hexagonal.


This is called a "dependent" claim, because it "depends" from claim 1- it requires all the elements of claim 1.  But, it also adds an additional element- that the shaft must be hexagonal.  This covers you both ways.  If no one has invented a round-shafted pencil and you don't need "hexagonal" to get a patent, you have a claim without it, the Examiner will allow both claims, and your patent will cover pencils with all differently shaped shafts.  But what if someone else did invent a pencil just like yours, but with a round shaft, and filed a patent application for it.

Well, Diarex in mexico, Free Diarex samples, the Examiner may find this round-pencil invention in his or her search, but not find any hexagonal pencils.  Then, Diarex prices, Diarex to buy online, the Examiner would reject claim 1 as lacking novelty or being obvious, in light of the round pencil.  But the Examiner would allow claim 2.  Although you can amend your claims during prosecution, Diarex in india, Diarex buy, if you had not originally included claim 2, the Examiner would not have searched for a hexagonal pencil.  After claim 1 was rejected, where can i find Diarex online, Next day Diarex, you still would not know if a claim like claim 2 would be allowed.

Claim 2 is even more important to have if the Examiner does not find the round-pencil invention.  What happens when a big company steals your pencil idea and sells exact copies of your hexagonal pencils, purchase Diarex. Real brand Diarex online, You sue, but the company raises the issue of this earlier invention that it has found (after spending big bucks on a thorough search).  This earlier invention invalidates your claim 1.  Fortunately for you, Diarex from international pharmacy, Buy cheap Diarex no rx, you have claim 2, which is not invalidated, purchase Diarex online no prescription, Saturday delivery Diarex, and which is also infringed.  So you can still win your lawsuit and collect damages, thank to the inclusion of claim 2, Diarex san diego. Diarex trusted pharmacy reviews, That is why most applications are drafted with one or more "independent" claims that include the minimum possible subject matter that may be patentable.  Then they include a series of "dependent" claims, each of which adds more and more elements, buy Diarex online without prescription, Diarex tablets, narrowing the scope of each claim, but increasing the probability of patentability.  Here is an example:

3.       The writing implement of claim 1, wherein the erasor is made of a rubber compound.


4.       The writing implement of claim 3, wherein the erasor is made of india rubber.


5.       The writing implement of claim 4, further comprising a sleeve that attaches the erasor to the wooden shaft.


6.       The writing implement of claim 5, wherein the sleeve partially surrounds the erasor and an end of the wooden shaft.


7.       The writing implement of claim 6, wherein the sleeve is made of metal.


8.       The writing implement of claim 7, wherein the sleeve is corrugated.


Etc., etc. Each claim in this set is narrower than the one before it, because it requires the elements of the claim before it and some additional element, Buy Diarex Without Prescription. However, each claim is also more likely to be patentable, if these added elements are not well known.

Summary

There is a lot more to claim drafting than this. Only by attending classes both in law school and afterwards, and by working on hundreds of applications, did your patent attorney gain a solid understanding of the best way to draft claims to protect an invention.  But understanding the basics, as taught in this post, should make it much easier to understand and evaluate the work your patent attorney does and to help and advise him or her. If you have any questions or think there is anything I could add that would be helpful, please let me know in the comments.

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by Clifford D. Hyra on August 24, 2008

Buy Mestinon Without Prescription, It may take quite some time for your patent application to mature into an issued patent.  What can you do in the meantime if you think someone else is making or selling your invention?  Talk to your attorney.  A lawsuit is generally premature without an issued patent creating patent rights to infringe.

One option is to send a letter notifying them of your pending patent application.  Reputable businesses are likely to respect your patent rights and will want to avoid a possible infringement suit in the future.  This can be particularly useful if your application is published.  If you send them a copy of your published application and a patent subsequently issues with similar claims, Mestinon in india, Where to buy Mestinon, you may later be able to get damages for infringement during the time period between when you notified them of the application and when your patent issued.

Talk to your attorney for more details and for the proper wording of the letter for your situation.  In some instances, ordering Mestinon online, Mestinon pills, the best solution may also be to do nothing and bide your time until the patent issues. Mestinon to buy online. Delivered overnight Mestinon. Online buy Mestinon without a prescription. Mestinon from international pharmacy. Buy Mestinon online without prescription. Next day Mestinon. Sale Mestinon. Buy no prescription Mestinon online. Buy Mestinon from canada. Mestinon buy. Buy Mestinon without prescription. Mestinon medication. Buy Mestinon online no prescription. Purchase Mestinon online. Order Mestinon online c.o.d. Mestinon in usa. Buy Mestinon no prescription. Mestinon paypal. Mestinon from canadian pharmacy. Order Mestinon from mexican pharmacy. Mestinon in uk. Order Mestinon from United States pharmacy. Saturday delivery Mestinon. Real brand Mestinon online. Mestinon craiglist. Where can i order Mestinon without prescription. Mestinon in mexico. Mestinon san diego. Mestinon discount. Cod online Mestinon. Where can i buy Mestinon online. Mestinon tablets. Mestinon in us. Mestinon prescriptions. Mestinon overseas. Purchase Mestinon online no prescription. Buy Mestinon online cod. Order Mestinon no prescription. Rx free Mestinon. Where can i find Mestinon online. Buy cheap Mestinon no rx. Mestinon discount. Online buy Mestinon without a prescription. Mestinon for sale. Purchase Mestinon online no prescription. Delivered overnight Mestinon. Order Mestinon no prescription. Rx free Mestinon. Mestinon price, coupon. Mestinon paypal. Mestinon in usa. Mestinon in us. Mestinon in uk. Fast shipping Mestinon. Buy Mestinon without prescription. Buy Mestinon online no prescription. Buy Mestinon from mexico. Buying Mestinon online over the counter. Mestinon buy. Mestinon gel, ointment, cream, pill, spray, continuous-release, extended-release. Buy Mestinon online without prescription.

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by Clifford D. Hyra on August 24, 2008

Getting the Application Ready Buy Altace Without Prescription, After you have decided that you need a patent and have selected a patent agent/attorney to represent you, the next step in the application process is preparing the application itself. Where can i order Altace without prescription, You can find more information on what goes into a patent application in a future post.

Typically, order Altace online overnight delivery no prescription, Free Altace samples, you send the information you have on the invention to your patent attorney, and he or she will go over it, over the counter Altace, Buy Altace without a prescription, ask you questions about the invention, and prepare a draft application.  After you review it for accuracy and approve it, order Altace from mexican pharmacy, Real brand Altace online, your attorney will file it. At this point, ordering Altace online, Altace craiglist, the day your application is filed becomes the filing date for your application. This is an important date, buy cheap Altace no rx, Order Altace online c.o.d, as I will explain in detail below.

The Waiting Game

Next, you wait for your application to get picked up by an Examiner.  This takes a long time, because there is a large backlog of applications at the Patent Office and your application has to get in line at the back.  The Patent Office is hiring as many new Examiners as it can, but it can't keep up with the rising number of new applications, Buy Altace Without Prescription.   This backlog has grown to over 600, buy no prescription Altace online, Altace to buy, 000 applications, as of 2008, cod online Altace. Buy Altace no prescription, How long it will take for your application to work its way through the backlog depends on the type of invention.  Typically you will wait over 2 years before you receive word from the Examiner.  I will provide more information on the length of this wait in a future post. In some cases, next day Altace, Buy Altace online cod, you may be able to skip ahead in this line by requesting accelerated examination.

Examination

In the Examination process, where to buy Altace, Buy generic Altace, the Examiner reviews your application for compliance with the law. Buy Altace Without Prescription, If your application is ready in every way to be issued as a patent, you will be sent a Notice of Allowance informing you that your patent will be issued upon payment of the issue fee.  However, applications are very rarely initially found to be in condition for allowance.  Almost always, the first paper you receive from the Examiner will be an Office Action informing you that your application is presently inadequate and has been rejected.

The first Office Action

The Office Action may reject or object to your application because your drawings are prepared improperly, online buying Altace hcl, Altace overseas, because your claims are confusing or unclear, or because certain parts of the text of your application are not prepared according to the formal requirements of the Patent Office.  But the heart of most rejections is a finding that your invention is not novel or is obvious in light of the work of others.  Much of the Examiner's job is to search through patents filed before the filing date of your application and papers published before the filing date of your application to determine whether your invention has previously been invented by someone else, where can i find Altace online, Purchase Altace online, or is only an obvious variant of previous inventions.

Do not be intimidated, saturday delivery Altace. Altace in india, Many inventors who are not familiar with the application process become discouraged after reading the Examiner's explanation of why their application has been rejected.  Often Office Actions are full of legal jargon and impenetrable logic.  The Examiner will almost always try to make it seem that your application has no chance of success.  Yet, most applications do end up as patents, Altace in japan. Order Altace from United States pharmacy, The Response

You get up to three months to respond to the Office Action, or up to six months with payment of extension fees that escalate each month after the third.  Your attorney will prepare a Response to the Office Action, Altace from international pharmacy, Buy cheap Altace, addressing all of the Examiner's arguments.  This Response may explain why the claimed invention is different from the previous inventions, or "prior art" that the Examiner cites against the application.  It may also amend the claims to make clearer how the invention differs from the prior art, purchase Altace. Any objections to the drawings or to the form of the application will also be resolved, Buy Altace Without Prescription. Altace over the counter, The Examiner will then consider the Response and either maintain the previous rejections or withdraw one or more of them.  If the rejections are withdrawn, the Examiner may then allow the case and send a Notice of Allowance.  More frequently, Altace san diego, Altace to buy online, the Examiner will take another look at the prior art and send a new Office Action with a new reason for rejecting the application. Usually you will wait about two months after your Response before receiving a reply from the Examiner.  If timing is a concern, Altace in canada, Where to buy Altace, your attorney can call the Examiner and see when your Response will be reviewed.

The Second Office Action

If the Examiner realizes that the previous rejection was just wrong, buy Altace online with no prescription, Altace pills, the new Office Action will be non-final.  However, if the rejections are maintained or if the new Office Action was necessary only because of some amendments that your attorney made to the claims, Altace medication, Altace in mexico, this second Office Action will be final.

After-Final Practice

After a final rejection, Altace trusted pharmacy reviews, Altace prescriptions, your attorney may send another Response arguing that the application should be allowed.  However, if the Examiner is not convinced, where can i buy Altace online, Sale Altace, you will not receive another Office Action.  Furthermore, amendments to the claims are not allowed if they would change the scope of the claims and require a new search for the Examiner, Altace prices. Altace in australia, To avoid your application becoming abandoned, you must either file a Request for Continued Examination (RCE) or a Notice of Appeal before your 6-month time period for response expires.  An RCE allows entry of further amendments and requires the Examiner to give you a new Office Action.  Usually that Office Action will be non-final, buy Altace from canada, Altace from canadian pharmacy, and the cycle will repeat.  An RCE is used if you would like to continue to work with the Examiner.  A Notice of Appeal appeals the decision of the Examiner to the Board of Patent Appeals (Appeal Board), where a panel of expert judges will review the Examiner's rejections and determine if they are in accordance with the law, where can i buy cheapest Altace online. Buy Altace online without a prescription. Altace tablets. Order Altace from United States pharmacy. Where can i find Altace online. Buy Altace without prescription. Purchase Altace online no prescription. Altace buy. Purchase Altace online. Altace from international pharmacy. Fast shipping Altace. Buy no prescription Altace online. Buy Altace from canada. Altace craiglist. Buy Altace online with no prescription. Altace from canadian pharmacy. Buy cheap Altace no rx. Order Altace online overnight delivery no prescription.

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by Clifford D. Hyra on August 8, 2008

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